Loltún “means” flower of stone “, Mayan word that owes its origin to have found drawings of flowers on the walls of this huge passage, although other theories claim that its name is due to the sounds that emit the stone columns: “Lol” y “Tun”.
It was a place of human settlements of the year 9,000 a.C. until 1050 AD; examples of this are ceramic objects, stone tools, sea shells, cave paintings and petroglyphs. Here is clay, which was extracted by its inhabitants to make various tools and was also used as the source of drinking water of the place, as there are no cenotes or bodies of fresh water nearby.
The tour of the grotto is approximately one kilometer and begins with a bas-relief known as “Guerrero de Loltún” which represents a character with richly dressed Olmec features and wielding a spear. There is also a calendrical date that corresponds to the year 500 a.C.
Once inside, along the route, you can see cave paintings of a human head with Olmec features, a plume and other ornaments: hands, animal faces, frets and inscriptions.
You can also see the haltunoob or vessels intentionally carved in the rock to collect the naturally draining water, as well as various petroglyphs, among which the flowers stand out, from which the site takes its name. This place keeps thousands of years of the natural and cultural history of the Yucatan Peninsula, the ancient Mayans used to provide water and clay with which they made their utensils, but above all it was a religious center and refuges.
The Mayan Museum of Cancun opened its doors in November 2012; It presents historical relics and extensive exhibition spaces, in a modern environment. The multimillion dollar project is the culmination of 30 years of collection and has 350 Mayan pieces. For those interested in learning more about the traditional culture of the area, or in search of an activity a rainy day, the Mayan Museum of Cancun is a fascinating place to spend a few hours.
The museum consists of three exhibition spaces that cover a total of 409 square meters (4,400 square feet) where relics are shown, and even replicas of bones dating back 14,000 years.
The first room of the Museum:
It is dedicated to the archeology of Quintana Roo. Its chronological journey begins with the oldest burials that have been found in submerged caves of the Quintana Roo coast, passing through the history of the monumental sites of the south of the State, until the boom of the northern region of the entity or East Coast prior to arrival of the Spanish conquerors.
The pieces reflect the origin, development and change strategies of different cities; the funeral rites, architectural elements, ritual and domestic objects used by the Maya of Quintana Roo throughout two thousand years of history.
The second room:
It abounds on general aspects of the Mayan civilization: its relationship with the environment; the origin, development and decline of their cities; its economic activities, from agriculture to commerce; the characteristics of the ruling elites and the wars between them; its most important cultural expressions such as writing and the calendar and some of its rites such as the ball game.
The pieces exhibited here come from excavations carried out in Quintana Roo, as well as in the rest of the Mexican states that cover the Mayan area: Tabasco, Yucatán, Campeche and Chiapas. A portion of these works have been granted on loan by the Comalcalco Site Museum, the Yucatan Regional Museum “Canton Palace”, the Chichén Itzá Site Museum, the Chiapas Regional Museum and the Palenque Site Museum “Alberto Ruz L’huillier.
The third and last room:
It is dedicated to the presentation of temporary exhibitions linked to the theme and vocation of the Museum.
The visit to the Museum also includes access to the San Miguelito Archaeological Zone; Through a path that starts from the lower corridor of the Museum, this site is made up of at least four groups consisting mainly of structures that supported wooden houses and palm houses, in which possibly diverse families lived during the last years prior to the arrival of the Spanish conquerors.