Lol – Tún “Stone Flower”

Loltún “means” flower of stone “, Mayan word that owes its origin to have found drawings of flowers on the walls of this huge passage, although other theories claim that its name is due to the sounds that emit the stone columns: “Lol” y “Tun”.

It was a place of human settlements of the year 9,000 a.C. until 1050 AD; examples of this are ceramic objects, stone tools, sea shells, cave paintings and petroglyphs. Here is clay, which was extracted by its inhabitants to make various tools and was also used as the source of drinking water of the place, as there are no cenotes or bodies of fresh water nearby.

The tour of the grotto is approximately one kilometer and begins with a bas-relief known as “Guerrero de Loltún” which represents a character with richly dressed Olmec features and wielding a spear. There is also a calendrical date that corresponds to the year 500 a.C.

Once inside, along the route, you can see cave paintings of a human head with Olmec features, a plume and other ornaments: hands, animal faces, frets and inscriptions.

You can also see the haltunoob or vessels intentionally carved in the rock to collect the naturally draining water, as well as various petroglyphs, among which the flowers stand out, from which the site takes its name. This place keeps thousands of years of the natural and cultural history of the Yucatan Peninsula, the ancient Mayans used to provide water and clay with which they made their utensils, but above all it was a religious center and refuges.

Throughout history

A day like today, but throughout history there were many events that you might like to know:

April 4, 1920: Arab nationalists attack the Jewish population in Jerusalem, initiating a series of violent disturbances that mark the beginning of the Arab-Israeli conflict.

April 4, 1926: after crossing the South Atlantic, the Spanish crew of the Plus Ultra hydroplane return triumphantly.

April 4, 1949: in Washington, twelve countries sign the North Atlantic Treaty, thus creating NATO.

April 4, 1958: in London, a demonstration of 10,000 people against the atomic bomb creates the pacifist movement.

April 4, 1959: the Sudanese Republic and Senegal form the Federation of Mali.

April, 1961: in Cuba the OPJM (Organization of Pioneers José Martí) is founded.

April 4, 1962: in Cuba is based the UJC (Union of Young Communists).

April 4, 1968: Martin Luther King Jr. is killed by a sniper in Memphis, Tennessee.

April 4, 1969: at the San Lucas Clinic in Houston (Texas), the first implant of an artificial heart is performed.

April 4, 1973: The World Trade Center opens in New York, United States.

April 4, 1975: in California (USA) Bill Gates and Paul Allen founded the Microsoft software company.

April 4, 1981: in Dublin the group Bucks Fizz wins for the United Kingdom the XXVI Edition of Eurovisión with the song Making your mind up.

April 4, 1997: 21 countries of the Council of Europe sign the agreement on Human Rights and Biomedicine, which includes the prohibition of cloning human beings.