Do you know how the cenotes were formed?

Do you know how the cenotes were formed?

The word cenotes or Xenotes comes from the Maya dzonot which means cavern of water. For the Mayans, these places were sacred because they were their only sources of fresh water in the middle of the jungle. In the Yucatan peninsula, it is presumed that there are more than 15,000 open and closed cenotes.

One of the most striking is that the appearance of the cenotes is similar to that of a lake or well, but its waters behave, in reality, like those of a river, by the continuous flow of them through the tunnels. This keeps alive the flora and fauna present in its waters, and also helps to maintain the populations of some species completely endemic. However, its formation was not an event that happened at random from one day to the next, but it has a complex and interesting history trapped between its walls.

Many years ago, the entire area that lies towards the southeast of Mexico was only a coral reef covered by the waters of the sea; then, the sea levels dropped, which caused that this barrier was exposed, to later die and become, finally, in a dense tropical forest.

It is in this environment when rain begins to fall, after the last ice age occurred, and this rain was mixed with the large amounts of carbon dioxide that was in the atmosphere during that time.

This mixture gave rise to carbonic acid, which was further acidified by contact with the soil where it fell. This had high levels of decomposing organic matter that produced more carbonic acid, so the aggressiveness of the water was really remarkable. Then, the mixture of salt water with fresh water further increases the aggressiveness of the water on the limestone (mainly), which dissolves it gradually and creating holes in it.

Over the years, these holes expanded their dimensions, generating, simultaneously, tunnels and passages, which created underground water systems very similar to the rivers found on the surface of the earth. Then, with fluctuations in sea levels, some caves became totally empty, which caused the existing roofs to collapse completely, giving rise to open cenotes.

When raising and lowering the sea levels, various materials accumulated after collapses and dissolutions by carbonic acid, were giving rise, in the cenotes, to various natural constructions, such as stalactites, columns and stalagmites.

Marvelous Uxmal

Known as “The Three Times Built”, it is one of the archaeological sites of the Mayan culture whose architecture is one of the most impressive in Yucatan. Its beauty is characterized by having low and horizontal palaces, placed around courtyards or quadrangles, which are rich in decorations of very detailed sculptures made with thousands of small stones perfectly polished and adjusted forming geometric mosaics of a perfection not equal in the whole area Maya.

The city consists of 15 groups of buildings, distributed from north to south, in an area of approximately two kilometers. Among those that stand out: The Pyramid of the Adivino, with its Plaza de los Pájaros, the Quadrangle of the Nuns, the Ball Game, the Governor’s Palace, the Great Pyramid and El Palomar, in addition to the North Group, the House of the Old , The Cemetery and the Temple of the Phalluses. Uxmal, a city with a certain subtle air, that just by contemplating it, can move its visitors.

The most impressive structure, with a unique elliptical shape and a height of more than 35 meters is La Casa del Adivino; According to an ancient legend, this pyramid was raised by a dwarf in only one night, although in reality it was built in five stages and was designed in such a way that its stairway faces east, towards sunset on the solstice Of summer.

From the Quadrangle of the Nuns there is a light and sound show by Uxmal, in which Mayan legends of the region who gave life to this mystic place are narrated.

Loving Playa del Carmen

One of the reasons to visit this site is its beautiful beaches, those landscapes, the tranquility that exists in the vast majority of its beaches that are difficult to find in other places, besides it is very easy to access them. The sea and the sand is the complement and that touch that makes them perfect because it does not matter that the beach all the perfect lives.

The Mayan Riviera is surrounded by cenotes and there are even more cenotes than those currently known to exist. These natural pools are fascinating with an ideal water for hot times and with a landscape that makes you fall in love from the first moment.

Fifth Avenue is the backbone of Playa and from there you can access several popular spots such as: shops, restaurants, museums, clubs, bars; and also has various accesses to the sea and beach clubs such as Mamita’s Beach Club. It is a must to take a walk along this important route where there are no cars passing by and that is always full of life and activity.

Additionally, it is very easy to move around Playa del Carmen to other points of the Mayan Riviera and the Yucatan Peninsula, and best of all, very economically. There is a good bus service, buses and taxis but you can also move to walk through its main streets or you can choose between different areas or towns.

There are more than 150 km of coastline to choose from! so it is possible to visit a different beach every day. Whether it’s in Playa del Carmen with its diverse beach clubs, Akumal with its cute turtles or the stunning turquoise beaches of Cancun, Isla Mujeres or Tulum.

Selvatica Park

Selvatica is an adventure park located in the Riviera Maya ideal for those who likes to spend a weekend doing extreme activities or just to spend a fun time with family and friends.

The park offers a variety of extreme activities including 20-meter zip line, buggy rally, horseback riding, snorkeling, off-road Segway and cenote swim, combined in six fabulous expeditions in such a way that each adventure begins in the air and ends in the Water.

All the tours offer a circuit in zip line to make your adrenaline rise to the maximum and conclude with a refreshing swim in a cenote. According to how extreme you want the activity to be, you can combine the zip line with an entertaining tour in an army truck, an exciting jungle rally in a buggy or a Segway cart, or a quiet ride. Selvatica also offers a zip line tour combined with snorkeling in a beautiful coral reef in Puerto Morelos.

If you are looking for a different experience, mysterious and romantic at the same time, opt for the nocturnal zip line adventure. In it you will go through the treetops only illuminated by the moon and the stars. Then you will walk among torches to enjoy a three-course dinner and enjoy the sounds of nature.

The tours are suitable for children 8 years and older, except for the activities with jungle rally in buggy or Segway, which are for children of 10 years or more, taking into account that only people of 18 years or older and with identification valid can handle the buggies. If you have intrepid children under the age of eight, do not worry because there is also an adventure in zip line for children from three years.


Lol – Tún “Stone Flower”

Loltún “means” flower of stone “, Mayan word that owes its origin to have found drawings of flowers on the walls of this huge passage, although other theories claim that its name is due to the sounds that emit the stone columns: “Lol” y “Tun”.

It was a place of human settlements of the year 9,000 a.C. until 1050 AD; examples of this are ceramic objects, stone tools, sea shells, cave paintings and petroglyphs. Here is clay, which was extracted by its inhabitants to make various tools and was also used as the source of drinking water of the place, as there are no cenotes or bodies of fresh water nearby.

The tour of the grotto is approximately one kilometer and begins with a bas-relief known as “Guerrero de Loltún” which represents a character with richly dressed Olmec features and wielding a spear. There is also a calendrical date that corresponds to the year 500 a.C.

Once inside, along the route, you can see cave paintings of a human head with Olmec features, a plume and other ornaments: hands, animal faces, frets and inscriptions.

You can also see the haltunoob or vessels intentionally carved in the rock to collect the naturally draining water, as well as various petroglyphs, among which the flowers stand out, from which the site takes its name. This place keeps thousands of years of the natural and cultural history of the Yucatan Peninsula, the ancient Mayans used to provide water and clay with which they made their utensils, but above all it was a religious center and refuges.

Mayan Museum “Cancún”

The Mayan Museum of Cancun opened its doors in November 2012; It presents historical relics and extensive exhibition spaces, in a modern environment. The multimillion dollar project is the culmination of 30 years of collection and has 350 Mayan pieces. For those interested in learning more about the traditional culture of the area, or in search of an activity a rainy day, the Mayan Museum of Cancun is a fascinating place to spend a few hours.

The museum consists of three exhibition spaces that cover a total of 409 square meters (4,400 square feet) where relics are shown, and even replicas of bones dating back 14,000 years.

The first room of the Museum:
It is dedicated to the archeology of Quintana Roo. Its chronological journey begins with the oldest burials that have been found in submerged caves of the Quintana Roo coast, passing through the history of the monumental sites of the south of the State, until the boom of the northern region of the entity or East Coast prior to arrival of the Spanish conquerors.
The pieces reflect the origin, development and change strategies of different cities; the funeral rites, architectural elements, ritual and domestic objects used by the Maya of Quintana Roo throughout two thousand years of history.

The second room:
It abounds on general aspects of the Mayan civilization: its relationship with the environment; the origin, development and decline of their cities; its economic activities, from agriculture to commerce; the characteristics of the ruling elites and the wars between them; its most important cultural expressions such as writing and the calendar and some of its rites such as the ball game.
The pieces exhibited here come from excavations carried out in Quintana Roo, as well as in the rest of the Mexican states that cover the Mayan area: Tabasco, Yucatán, Campeche and Chiapas. A portion of these works have been granted on loan by the Comalcalco Site Museum, the Yucatan Regional Museum “Canton Palace”, the Chichén Itzá Site Museum, the Chiapas Regional Museum and the Palenque Site Museum “Alberto Ruz L’huillier.

The third and last room:
It is dedicated to the presentation of temporary exhibitions linked to the theme and vocation of the Museum.
The visit to the Museum also includes access to the San Miguelito Archaeological Zone; Through a path that starts from the lower corridor of the Museum, this site is made up of at least four groups consisting mainly of structures that supported wooden houses and palm houses, in which possibly diverse families lived during the last years prior to the arrival of the Spanish conquerors.

Benefits of exercising

Carrying out a sport is ideal for maintaining physical and mental health, as apart from helping to be in shape, it improves the quality of life, prevents some diseases and improves learning. In a general way, these are the benefits of practicing the sport constantly.

Minor neuronal degeneration: It has been found that some cognitive skills in older people were better in those who practiced some type of activity than in those who did not. This means that practicing exercise helps prevent neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer’s

Improves school performance: As with adults, cognitive processes in children who practice a sport on a regular basis are better than those of more sedentary children. The cognitive skills that have been favored are working memory, attention and inhibitory control. An improvement in the child’s synchronization is positively related to the improvement of academic performance, especially in math and reading. These benefits are related to an increase in blood flow in the brain, better assimilation of nutrients and greater activation.

Improves cognitive and sensory function of the brain: This happens thanks to the fact that exercise improves the secretion of brain neurotrophic factor, neurotrophin related to the nerve growth factor that is located in areas such as the hippocampus and the cortex. The brain neurotrophic factor improves the survival of neurons and one of the areas benefited is the frontal lobe, responsible for complex cognitive processes or executive functions, such as attention, working memory or behavioral control.

Promotion of socialization: The practice of some sports, especially team sports, facilitates the understanding and assimilation of rules such as acceptance of the rules, respect for the other, responsibility and companionship. In addition, it contributes to the reduction of aggressiveness, teamwork, group cohesion, concern for others and empathy. In the individual field, it favors self-discipline, self-knowledge, perseverance and tolerance to frustration.

Regulates the dream: By practicing sports we improve the quality of sleep and, therefore, our mind is clearer in order to be able to function in day-to-day activities.

Tortugranja Isla Mujeres

Located on south of Isla Mujeres we will find the Turtle Farm, better known as “Tortugranja”, a project funded by the government and donors, with the objective of protecting giant sea turtles. The Turtles for many years have come to the soft sand of the island to lay their eggs and because they are clumsy in their walk on the sand, they were easy victims for the hunters who captured them to obtain their meat, shell and eggs.

In your visit you can feed the small species that are in piles placed in the central part of the aquarium, as well as around you can admire other species such as: fish, sea horses, snails, urchins, among others.

On the outside there is an area where there are other batteries a little larger where you will see larger turtles, and in the back you will discover that there is an area where they keep the rescued eggs and that they are waiting of its hatching.

The Isla Mujeres Turtle Farm is located in the south of the island, on the Sac-Bajo highway, about a kilometer north of the beach. The entrance has a cost of $ 20.00 pesos, there you can buy small bags with food for the turtles if you want to feed them, for a cost of $ 20 pesos.

Throughout history

A day like today, but throughout history there were many events that you might like to know:

April 4, 1920: Arab nationalists attack the Jewish population in Jerusalem, initiating a series of violent disturbances that mark the beginning of the Arab-Israeli conflict.

April 4, 1926: after crossing the South Atlantic, the Spanish crew of the Plus Ultra hydroplane return triumphantly.

April 4, 1949: in Washington, twelve countries sign the North Atlantic Treaty, thus creating NATO.

April 4, 1958: in London, a demonstration of 10,000 people against the atomic bomb creates the pacifist movement.

April 4, 1959: the Sudanese Republic and Senegal form the Federation of Mali.

April, 1961: in Cuba the OPJM (Organization of Pioneers José Martí) is founded.

April 4, 1962: in Cuba is based the UJC (Union of Young Communists).

April 4, 1968: Martin Luther King Jr. is killed by a sniper in Memphis, Tennessee.

April 4, 1969: at the San Lucas Clinic in Houston (Texas), the first implant of an artificial heart is performed.

April 4, 1973: The World Trade Center opens in New York, United States.

April 4, 1975: in California (USA) Bill Gates and Paul Allen founded the Microsoft software company.

April 4, 1981: in Dublin the group Bucks Fizz wins for the United Kingdom the XXVI Edition of Eurovisión with the song Making your mind up.

April 4, 1997: 21 countries of the Council of Europe sign the agreement on Human Rights and Biomedicine, which includes the prohibition of cloning human beings.

Holy Week

In different parts of the world the passion of Jesus Christ was remembered in Holy Week. Acts laden with symbolism replace masses that are not officiated as a sign of mourning.

People from all over the world have joined the celebration and some countries celebrate it:

Nicaragua: is one of the most important festivities in that nation of Catholic tradition. The Spanish conquest spread Christianity at the hands of the Franciscan and Dominican missionaries who imposed on indigenous religions although the religious syncretism of America deeply marked the customs of the Nicaraguan people. Although Holy Week is celebrated in many cities, the festivities of Granada and León stand out, tourist capitals highlighted by their colonial architecture, a large number of neoclassical and baroque churches and a rich heritage of sacred images.

Australia: On Good Friday (April 18) all businesses will be closed, it is the only day of the year when there are no newspaper sales. During the season of Holy Week there is also the Sydney Royal Easter Show, one of the biggest and most popular shows of the year.
The Sydney Royal Easter Show is a national icon in which everything that is Australian is celebrated, from our country heritage to the latest shows and technological advances. The show lasts 2 weeks, from April 10 to April 23 during the Easter school holidays. Every day starts at 9.00 in the morning and ends at 9.30pm, usually culminating with fireworks in a grand finale every night. This show really has something of interest for everyone.
Although this festivity is used from the commercial point of view, since the shop windows show the most incredible models of pastry: eggs, rabbits, chickens and even chocolate kangaroos. Regardless of the theme in which the store specializes, there you will find the most delicious Easter symbols.

United States: there is room for the practice of all religions, however, the members of Evangelical Protestant Churches are the largest religious group in the United States, followed by Catholics, who are, mostly, of Hispanic origin, Irish or Polish.

Italy: Italians celebrate Holy Week with processions and ancient rituals. Even if you are not a believer, it is worth seeing the processions that cross the streets of many towns and cities involving devotees of all ages.

Jerusalem: where Holy Week makes the most sense, and where it is most fervently celebrated. There, visitors who travel to the Holy City, can visit the places mentioned in the Bible, and attend numerous masses, which will make them transported 2014 years ago.